Niemeyer, Oscar

Oscar Niemeyer (born 1907)

Oscar Niemeyer, born as Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho, in Rio de Janeiro Brazil 1907 is an Brazilian architect known for creating the new capital “Brasilia” for Brazil.
He graduated from the Escola Nacional de Belas Artas in Rio de Janeiro in 1934, and in 1935 he joined the office of Le Corbusier on a new Ministry of Education and Health in Rio de Janeiro.
In 1956 Niemeyer was appointed architectural adviser to Nova Cap - an organization charged constructing Lucio Costa's plans for Brazil's new capital. 1957 he became its chief architect, designing most of the city's important buildings. Among them were the residence of the President (Palácio da Alvorada), the House of the deputy, the National Congress, the Cathedral of Brasília (a hyperboloid structure), diverse ministries, not to mention residential buildings.
Niemeyer continued to work on Brazilia until 1964 when his political affiliation with the communist party forced him into exile in France. In the late 1960s he resumed his career in Brazil, teaching at the University of Rio de Janeiro and working in private practice.
In 1988 Oscar Niemeyer was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize.
On Niemeyer's 100th birthday (2007), Russia's president Vladimir Putin awarded him the Order of Friendship.

Important Buildings:

Oscar Niemeyer, Avenida Atlantica 3940,
CEP 22070-002 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Tel: +55 21 5234890 - Fax: +55 21 267 6388