August Sander (1876 - 1964)
August Sander is one of the most important photographers of the 20th century in today's art historical research and is assigned to the style of New Objectivity.
August Sander was born on November 17, 1876 in Herdorf, Altenkirchen County, not far from Siegen (then Rhine Province, now Rhineland-Palatinate). Sander was a German photographer, as such self-taught, who immersed himself with great intensity in the medium of photography after working as a miner. In 1910, Sander settled in Cologne. He devoted himself with great systematic to portrait photography, capturing archetypes of the population from the period of the Weimar Republic. He created a unique socio-psychological documentation in which he photographed social classes and occupational groups typical of the time, posed frontally in front of the camera in characteristic poses. Under the title "Antlitz der Zeit. Sechzig Aufnahmen deutscher Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts" (Sixty Photographs of German People of the 20th Century), Sander's first book publication of the photo series appeared in 1929. Sander died in Cologne on April 20, 1964. On a commemorative plaque located at Sander's home and studio in Cologne, Sander is personally quoted about his work: "People often ask me how I got the idea to create this work. Seeing, observing and thinking and the question is answered. Nothing seemed more suitable to me than to give an image of our time through photography in absolute fidelity to nature."