Yekaterinburg was founded in 1723 by Vasily Tatishchev and Georg Wilhelm Henning as an industrial center. It was named after Peter the Great‘s wife, Catherine I. Cast iron, steel, copper, iron and metal products were manufacturer. Yekaterinburg became an administrative center of mining and manufacturing in the Urals and Siberia. In the second half of the 19th Century, very important railroads were constructed through Yekaterinburg so that the city became one of the most significant centers of Soviet industrialization by 1930. During World War II, many weapons factories were evacuated to the Urals. After the war, many of them remained there for good. Today, Yekaterinburg is the fourth largest city in Russia in terms of population; it is an industrial and financial center – the “true” capital of the Urals.