John Locke: * 29. August 1632 in Wrington bei Bristol; † 28. October 1704 in Oates, Epping Forest, Essex.
The Second Treatise of Civil Government, 1690 (Zweite Abhandlung über die Regierung).
Locke was an English physician as well as philosopher and mastermind of the Enlightenment. For many, he is considered the founder of liberalism. His political philosophy has been used in the Declaration of Independence of the United States and its constitution, the constitution of revolutionary France, and is relevant in many liberal statesIn his work “The Second Treatise of Civil Government”, he argues that a legitimate government must have the consent of the governed and protect their rights.